3 Common Viral Diseases in Canines

Viral diseases in canines result from different pathogens and require immediate attention. Here are 3 common conditions that require an emergency vet clinic.


It’s an illness that affects the brain. Infected wild animals, such as raccoons, carry the pathogen responsible for rabies, and they transmit the disease when they bite or scratch canines. Some symptoms pet owners should watch out for are:

  • Aggression
  • Irritability
  • Paralysis
  • Restlessness
  • Seizures

Individuals who suspect that their animal companion has rabies should seek a veterinarian promptly because an infected dog can chew on objects like furniture or, worse, attack their caretakers. Healthcare professionals will give booster shots as needed. Since this condition is dangerous, local authorities can impose a quarantine to protect people from the virus.

Meanwhile, owners can safeguard their pets from rabies by having them vaccinated, following the immunization rules in a state. Individuals should also supervise their canines when playing outdoors to make sure they aren’t exposed to wild animals.


While it’s commonly found in puppies, some older dogs also acquire this infectious disease. Parvovirus results in gastrointestinal complications, such as diarrhea. Canines contract the illness when they sniff or lick an infected animal’s feces. The symptoms include:

  • Bloody and severe diarrhea
  • Dehydration
  • Fever
  • Vomiting
  • Weight loss
  • Weakness

If left untreated, parvovirus damages the intestines, and in severe cases, the heart. Owners should go to a veterinarian who will isolate their pets. Canines are often given antibiotics to fight off the infection.

Similar to rabies, parvovirus is a preventable illness. Owners are advised to have their animal companions vaccinated. Plus, if they’re introducing a new canine into their homes, the dog should first be screened and treated to ensure they don’t carry and transmit the disease.

Hepatitis (Adenovirus)

Infectious hepatitis in dogs causes inflammation of the liver. Canines acquire the virus when they have direct contact with an infected animal’s secretions, such as urine and eye and nose discharges. This condition is best recognized through these symptoms:

  • Blue eye
  • Coughing
  • Fever
  • Nasal and eye discharge

Hepatitis can be fatal for puppies and even older dogs if they develop complications, so they should be brought to an animal clinic right away. Veterinarians treat this condition by administering intravenous fluids and medications. Like rabies and parvovirus, owners can prevent their pets from acquiring this illness by having them vaccinated.

Since viral infections spread easily, individuals who suspect that their canines have contracted any of these diseases should seek an emergency vet in Jacksonville immediately. Trusted animal doctors are skilled in diagnosing conditions and providing treatments, so owners are assured that their pets will have adequate care.

News Reporter